The Tabātabāei house, which is known as the "queen" of Iran's historic houses, was built in the Soltān Amir Ahmad district, in the second half of the thirteenth century (Lunar Egira) at the behest of Hāj Seyed Ja'far Tabātabāei Natanzi, the famous architect of Kāshān, the master Ali Maryami.
This house with an area of 4730 square meters, consists of three parts, the andaruni (internal area where family members and owner lived), the biruni (outdoor area used for guests) and the khadame (the servitude). It has five entrance doors, forty rooms, four courtyards, four cellars, three ventilation towers and two qanāt (system consisting of multiple holes connected by an underground channel that transports the water from the underground layers to the surface).
This construction is earthquake-proof and its architecture is such that it is even equipped with a heat insulator and in its winery in summer you can see a temperature difference from fifteen to twenty degrees with the outside of the house.
Even the rooms were summer and winter; these last notes like rooms of the mirrors, were furnished with chimneys and with temperatures of minus twenty degrees, they preserved the ideal heat. The entrance to this house is a hashti (main entrance area, generally located after the sar-dar (entrance arch) that winds down with twenty steps, ends in a large courtyard where in the center is a large pool with a fountain surrounded by six octagonal gardens.
This courtyard is one of the particular scenarios of the house and its eighty-year-old fig tree is well known. In addition, the polychrome reticulated windows, the decorations with paintings, the processing in mirrors and the stuccoes of the tālār (portico supported by slender wooden columns) main, together with the reticulated stuccoed windows and theIwan decorated with mirrors and with stuccoes in front, they are the most noteworthy attractions of this house.
The stucco paintings and drawings were performed under the direction of Mirzā Abulhassan Ghaffāri Kāshāni known as Sani 'al Malek, painter of the court of Nāser Al-Din Shāh Qājār. The Tabātabāei house has so far been restored and rebuilt twice.