Dowlat Abad Garden

Dowlat Abad Garden

The Dowlat Ābād garden is located in the city of Yazd (homonymous region) and its construction for residential use and seat of government offices dates back to the year 1160 of the lunar Hegira, at the end of the Afsharid era.

This garden with two entrances, surrounded by a high adobe wall and a watchtower, consisted of two main parts: 1-theandaruni (the interior), the private and residential part which included: the octagonal construction or summer wind catcher tower (in the shape of eight sides) which included: 3 shāhneshin (secluded place suitable for sitting and often reserved for guests) with reticulated doors / small room of the badgirs, the vestibule and two pantries, a harem (part reserved for women and children), the behesht āyyin (winter residence), the kitchen, the watchtower, the private cistern, the service rooms, the summer and winter stable, the doroshkeh-Khaneh (space where transport horses are kept (the badgirs of the building with a height of 33 meters and 80 centimeters is the highest known adobe ventilation tower in the world).

2- the Biruni (outside), the place where government ceremonies, sporting celebrations and headquarters of the city's affairs office were held) which included: jelokhān (open space located before the entrance porch) and the portal, the hall of mirrors, the Tehrāni palace, two small bazaars, the public warehouse and the court.

Currently the vestibule, the great hall, the portal and a part of the winter rooms remain. The materials used in the buildings of this garden, mostly in the rooms and in the tub, are marble, brick and wood.

In the outdoor green space there are also grape, cypress, pine and flower trees such as damask rose and red rose. The Dowlat Ābād garden is considered to be one of the Iranian gardens included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.

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