Source Āb Ali
The hill of the source Ali is considered one of the ancient and tourist areas of the city of Rey that deserves a visit; it is located south of Tehrān and north of Rey and is the origin of life of one of the oldest civilizations in the world and the founding principle of the ancient city of Rey.
This centuries-old source of 7000 years whose ancient name was "Surin" or "Surnā" and "Surbani" flows from a large rock and is located near tourist attractions such as: Ibn Bābuye, the Toghrol tower, the Rashkān fortress, and below at the ramparts of Rey.
The archaeological excavations around this spring bear witness to signs of life in the sixth, fifth and fourth millennia before Christ. The preserved remains of this area are visible in Iranian museums and outside the country.
On the wall of the source Ali there is a rock carving of Fath Ali Shāh; It is said that this relief painting was built on a Sasanid work that was destroyed by the king's will. In this recording, Fath Ali Shāh is seated on a throne in the center of the image and is surrounded by 16 children. Each person is presented. The names of the characters represented in this relief painting are clear, in the other part of the frame the Shāh is portrayed with the recognition of sovereignty, ie a parasol and a sort of hawk called Accipiter.
This relief painting has two epigraphs: the first includes a qasida (ode), is considered the original epigraph and was written in the year 1831. The second one recorded a year later, or in the 1832, includes poems by Mirza Mohammad Taghi Ali Ābādi known as "Sāheb-e Diwān". The content of the poems concerns the description and praise of the Shah.
In the past, the carpet merchants and the people of Tehrān washed their rugs and rugs in the source Ali with the belief that in this water the carpet became much cleaner and its color brighter. For the ancient inhabitants and for the children of this area, swimming and playing in the water of this place keeps indelible memories.
The Source of Ab Ali Hezar is located north of Ebn-e Babuye, in Rey. The history of the civilization of this area dates back to 4000 years a. C. At the top of the fountain is a relatively large stone relief on which are engraved the figures of Fath Ali Shah and some princes of the Qajar dynasty.