Bagh-E Eram

The Eram botanical garden, with an area of ​​110.380 m2, is located in the north-west area of ​​Shiraz and includes some historic buildings for a built-up area of ​​1869 m2.

In the travel journals of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries some descriptions of Bagh-e Eram are reported. The garden was established in pe

riodo of the Seljukidi (XI-XII sec.) and of the Injuidi (XIV sec.). During the Zand period (17th century) Bagh-e Eram was renewed and in the Qajar period, with the construction of a palace inside it, it remained for 75 years available to the leaders of the Qashqai tribe. At the time of King Qajar Nasserodin, another palace was built in the garden which has been preserved to this day along with the garden portal. In 1966 this complex was entrusted to the University of Shiraz and, subsequently, in the 1971 it was again restored with the addition of an adjacent space and, finally, from the 1980 it is used as a botanical garden.

The palace inside the garden is built according to the architectural style of the qajar period, which in turn is inspired by the architecture of the Zand period. This building consists of three floors. The rooms on the lower floor, which are located almost underground, served as a summer resort. These rooms are decorated with colored majolica tiles. The building, on the two upper floors, has columns whose design is inspired by the columns of Takht-e Jamshid (Persepolis). The third floor of the building has two living rooms with a painted wooden ceiling. The art of ceiling painting (marjuk) was among the current arts of the city of Shiraz in the qajar era. The designs of this type of decoration include flowers and plants, arabesques, hunting scenes, women's faces and images of European castles. The doors of the building are built of teak wood. The upper part of the building has been decorated with half-moons called "santuri" in technical terms. These crescent-shaped pediments are constructed of majolica tiles in the style of kashi-kari (from the Zand and Qajar era) and are painted with images by Nasseroddin Shah, with stories from the Shahname (NdT "The Book of the Kings" by Ferdowsi - end of the 10th century) and the Khamse by Nezami ("The quintet", also called "The 5 treasures" - 12th century) and with stories of saints.

In front of the main façade there is a large swimming pool half a meter deep, which reflects the image of the building. The surface of this pool is of 335 m2 and is surrounded by 18 large blocks of massive stone.

The 27 June 2011, during the 35a session of the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, Bagh-e Eram and eight other gardens of Iran have been included in the list of world heritage under the title "Iranian gardens".

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