Island of Khārg or Khark
The island of Khark or Khārg is located near the port city of Gonāveh (Bushehr region) in the Persian Gulf. Geologists trace its formation back to around 14000 years ago. This inhabited island enjoys economic importance and a strategic position and is considered one of the most important crude oil export terminals in the world.
The island of Khārk is made up of fossils and corals, bivalves and other marine creatures that are mixed with sand particles and only a thin layer of the island surface with a thickness of about 20 cm to 5 meters has a greater solidity .
The island, with hot summers and moist air without rainfall, is the result of reading terrestrial faults with an arched shape. The highest point is called Kuh-e Didebān whose height above sea level is 87 meters.
At this point long ago a small lighthouse had also been placed. On the north side of the island is Kuh-e Takht and on the south side Kuh-e Gardan Oshtor. The construction method on the island of Khārk can be divided into two large groups: traditional construction (mostly by local inhabitants) and engineering (crude terminals and government offices) concentrated with the urban fabric, narrow alleys and spiral and high population density, single-storey buildings with a small courtyard and multi-storey buildings. Inside the island you can still see in the structure old large and beautiful villas designed for two types, the employee and the worker who were mainly built at the time of the presence of the English.
The island of Khārk or as it called it Jalāl Āl Ahmad "the orphaned pearl of the Persian Gulf" with a very ancient history has had a long existence. Here there are many historical remains from the most remote times such as: the foundations of a temple of fire related to the Sassanid era, the remains of the Dutch castle, the Islamic cemetery, the village of Khārk, the railway, the catacombs palmire, the Christian cemetery , the tomb of Abu Bakr, the tomb of Alamdār, the garden of the Dutch, the pre-Islamic cemetery, the catacombs, the mausoleum of Mir Mohammad Khanfieh, the tomb of the guardian, the Dalman or Do Khāharān cemetery and the Achaemenid inscription at 2400 years ago in ancient Persian and cuneiform calligraphy, of world importance as another document concerning the name of the Persian Gulf.
In the northern part of the island of Khārk there is a much smaller and elongated island named Khrgu.