Junqān Caravanserai

Junqān Caravanserai

The Junqān caravanserai is located near the homonymous city (Chahār Mahāl and Bakhtiāri region) and dates back to the Sasanian or ilkhanide.

The set of Junqān stone arches, known as Khān Awy (Khāne-ye Khān) with the meaning of "water" caravanserai, was located in the pass of the ancient narrow via Darkesh Varkesh and in the particular architectural style with peculiarities of the typical architecture of the mountainous areas; the building was built using dry masonry with large stones arranged one on top of the other without the use of open cradle-shaped mortar with half-moon façade.

These vaulted arches have been built to a depth of 7 meters, a height of 2 and a half and a width of 3 and over the course of many centuries have resisted many earthquakes and other destructive weather events. This building was used as a caravanserai, outpost and roadside assistance.

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