Mount Damavand, the highest peak in Iran and the highest volcano in Asia and the Middle East, is located in the central part of the Alborz mountain range south of Lake Māzandarān and in the town of Āmol, in the Māzandarān region to a distance of 69 km north-east of Tehrān.
This mountain of volcanic origin which is also mentioned in myths and literary works in Persian, with a height of 5610 meters above sea level, when the air is clean and there is sunshine, is visible from the cities of Tehrān, Varāmin, Qom and also from the southern shores of the Caspian Sea.
In winter the temperature in the Damāvand heights reaches 60 degrees below zero and in summer at 1-2 degrees below zero. The average rainfall here is equal to 1400 millimeters per year and rainfall in the hills is generally in the form of snow.
The summit of Damāvand in Iranian culture is synonymous with stability and firmness as well as a national symbol; over the course of a hundred years the image of Mount Damāvand has been repeatedly printed on the front or back of Iranian banknotes.
The famous verse of poetry: Hey white monster with stuck legs, hey dome of the world, Damāvand, is known to almost all Iranians.
The summit of Damāvand since ancient times has been a destination for local and foreign professional climbers.