The village of Makhunik is located near the city of Sarbisheh (southern Khorāsān region). It dates back to around 400 years ago and is considered to be one of the most amazing villages in the world. The presence of a very primitive cave painting near the Qanat of Mākhunik depicting images of shepherds, is another testimony to the antiquity of the settlement in this village.
Mākhunik with its singular attractions, is known as the city of the Lilliputians (men of small stature) because its inhabitants were small and barely reached a meter and forty. However this fact concerns the past and now the stature here is almost normal.
One of the important cultural signs of the village of Mākhunik is the home; the residential nucleus of the village develops on the slopes of the hill and the houses leaning against each other have been built in a basin. Their floor is almost a meter lower than the ground level and each house has environments such as: the warehouse for storing wheat and barley, the stove made of earth for cooking food, an arch and an arch in which construction was used stone, wood, a mixture of clay and straw and firewood.
These houses, except for the low entrance door and a very small window, have no other opening towards the outside. In the old part of the village the houses are very modest, with no courtyard either Iwan and stick to each other.
All of them have access to the main mosque of the village which is located in the center of it. Today there are about 200 houses in the ancient core of Mākhunik and 70 or 80% of them are extremely small.
At 3 km from the village there is a strange opening in the ground called "quarantine" by the locals and considered a sort of hospital set up as needed.
The residents of Mākhunik who are mostly farmers and ranchers, until 50 years ago did not drink tea, did not hunt and did not consume meat and still do not smoke because they consider these actions immoral.
The historical sites of Mākhunik include: the black stone (rock painting), the tower and fortress building, the Gol-e Anjir castle, the Sargarduni and Nāder Morde houses.