Rock inscription of Bisotun
The ruprestration inscription of Bisotun is located in the homonymous city in the province of Harsin (Kermānshāh region), at the foot of Mount Bisotun. This inscription is the largest in the world and the first known Persian text dating back to Achaemenid (520 to C.).
This text is one of the most significant and known ancient documents in the world and the most important historical text of the Achaemenid era; it describes the self-presentation of Darius and the explanation of his victory over the middle Magus Gaumata and the capture of the rebels.
Above the incision we see the symbol of the farohar in flight. Darius has his right hand raised in adoration by Ahura Mazda and his left leg on Gaumata's chest, which lies beneath his agonizing feet. The rebels whose hands from behind and their neck are tied with a rope, are standing one behind the other in front of Darius.
Behind the king's head you can see a spear door and an arched door. The present text, in cuneiform characters, is in three languages: ancient Persian, Elamite, and Babylonian or Akkadian. The word "Bisotun" is mentioned in the following forms: Bagestāne, Baghastāne, Bahistān, Bahistun, Behistun, Bāqestān, Bostān and Bisotun with the meaning of "without columns".
The area of Bisotun with the meaning of "place of the gods" is among the national works of Iran and since the year 2006 has been included in the UNESCO World Heritage. On the small rocks next to the road and at the foot of the mountain, relief drawings can be seen dating back to the Arsacid era that arouse less interest and a new deed of donation was made in the period of the Safavid Shah Soleiman and at the center of the design of the Arsacid period.