The traditional Āfar dance
The traditional dance "Āfar" is one of the most important dances of Torbat-e Jām, in the region of Khorāsān Razavi which is based on two themes, agriculture and the weaving of carpets and is performed in groups and only by men.
This dance from the point of view of the particular peculiarities of its own area reflects the point of view, the culture, the spirituality and the way of life of the people of the Torbat-e Jām area and is influenced by the thought of ancient Iran and Zoroastrian beliefs.
"Āfar-e keshavarzi" represents the sowing of wheat from the beginning to the harvesting of the product and the baking of bread, thanksgiving and joy for the collection of a good product and "Āfar qāli bāfi" represents sheep breeding and the collection of wool, the spinning, the coloring of the thread, the weaving and the sale of it.
The time required for the carrying of the afar goes from the 15 to the 20 minutes and usually takes place in the fields during the harvest of the wheat, in the courtyard of the houses when there is a wedding party and circumcision and also in the square which is the place where the numerous alleys converge.
The tools and objects necessary for the performance of this rite are the following: traditional dress of the people of Torbat-e Jām, the horn, the drum, and some short woods, sometimes there are theatrical movements with hand gestures and it is not necessary to have the wood.