The practice of distillation of roses
The practice of rose distillation is an ancient ritual of 1000 years in Iran and interesting to see as it can be considered the origin of rose water production in the world. It takes place every year from the middle of the month of Ordibehesht in cities and villages such as: Kāshan, Qamsar, Meimand, Nyāsar, Van, Sār, Sadeh, Vadghān, Lāiznegān, Dārāb, Mehriz, Barzak, Azvār, Lālezār Bardsir, Shahmirzād, Dāmghān , Vāmrazān, Dudāngeh etc.
To prepare rose water, we use the red Damascus rose, whose collection is accompanied by a particular religious rite; those who grasp it, as soon as they hear the name of this flower, send prayers to the Prophet Mohammad (S) and his family.
Qamsar rose water from a qualitative point of view is considered the best in the world. As far as the degree of purity is concerned, it is divided into some groups: heavy rose water (first degree), light rose water (second degree), rose do āteshe water, rose water if āteshe (three flowers) the water of roses pas ab and zir atri. Iran's rose water, in addition to food, pharmaceutical and cosmetic uses, is also important from a religious point of view and is used to perfume religious environments and also to wash the Kaaba in Mecca.