The national day of the great Persian scholar Mulla Sadra.
Ṣadr ad-Din Muḥammad Shirazi or Mulla Sadra was an Iranian philosopher and theologian who spearheaded the Iranian cultural renaissance in the XNUMXth century. According to Oliver Leaman, Molla Sadra is probably the most important and influential philosopher in the Muslim world over the past four hundred years.
Although not its founder, he is considered the master of the Illuminationists or of the Ishraghi or Ishraqi school of philosophy, a key figure who synthesized the many traits of Islamic Golden Age philosophy into what he called Transcendent Theosophy or al-Hikmah al -muta'liyah.
Molla Sadra brought "new philosophical insight into dealing with the nature of reality" and created "a major shift from essentialism to existentialism" in Islamic philosophy, although her existentialism should not be too easily compared to Western existentialism . Hers was a question about existentialist cosmology as far as God was concerned, and thus differs markedly from the questions of the individual, morals and/or society at the heart of Russian, French, German or American existentialism.