Naqqāli, Iranian dramatic narrative.
Posted in 2011 in the UNESCO list of Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity
Naqqāli is the oldest form of drama in the Islamic Republic of Iran and historically plays an important role in society.
the Naqqāl or rather that carries out this profession tells stories in verse or prose accompanied by gestures and movements and sometimes with music accompanied by paintings on the canvas. Naqqāl does the job both as an entertainer and as a bearer of Persian literature and culture and must know local cultural expressions, languages and dialects and traditional music. Naqqāli requires considerable talent, a retentive memory and the ability to improvise with skill to fascinate the audience. Naqqāl wear simple costumes, but they can also wear old helmets or armored jackets during performances to help recreate battle scenes. Female Naqqāl perform in front of a mixed audience. Until recently, Naqqāl was considered the most important custodian of folktales, ethnic epics and Iranian folk music. Naqqāli was first performed in clubs such as cafes, nomad tents, houses and historical places such as ancient caravanserais. However, a decline in the popularity of the venues combined with new forms of entertainment has led to a decrease in interest in Naqqāli performances. The aging of the master performers (morshed) and the growing popularity among the younger generations have caused a sharp drop in the number of skilled Naqqāl, threatening the survival of this dramatic art