The issue of women's rights and freedom is one of the most discussed topics in recent years in both Eastern and Western cultural environments. Even the Islamic countries have faced this debate, and the different societies have very different, positive or negative points of view about it. Some say that Islam is opposed to all freedom and progress of women, believing that Islam consider women totally at the mercy of men, and deprive them of any right or social privilege. Others, however, try in every way to force the laws of Islam in order to accord them to their desires and fantasies, or to make them compatible with the Western model. This work, illustrating some of the main concepts of Islamic doctrine, jurisprudence and ethics, therefore proposes to shed light on this question and make the differentiation between the rights and duties of women from the Islamic point of view intelligible and clear. Fariba Alasvand, an Iranian theologian and researcher, is a professor at the Hawza Ilmiyyah Jami'at az-Zahra (women's religious seminar) and a member of the Council of the Cultural Revolution and other important scientific and cultural institutions. We are convinced that the woman is a human being with all the necessary primordial human peculiarities, without any lack or differences with the other sex. This is also expressed in the teachings of the Koran, in which the woman is defined as a wise and responsible person capable of understanding the philosophical and ideological concepts of the world around her. Even in understanding issues concerning the origin of creation and the Day of Judgment there is no moral and intellectual difference between man and woman, and both possess a moral personality and a mental capacity that obliges them to walk the path of knowledge of truth.