Simin Daneshvar, born the 28 Aprile 1921 a Shiraz, was a noted writer and translator and the first Iranian woman to write novels in a non-amateurish way in Persian. She was also a member and first head of the Iranian Writers Institute.
Simin completed his elementary and high school studies in the English school "Mehr Āin" and later began the University of Tehrān to study Persian language and literature, obtaining a doctorate with a thesis on aesthetics.
To continue his studies in this field he went to the University of Stansford in America and in this period he wrote two short stories in English that were published in the United States.
When he returned to Iran, he was a teacher at the Academy of Fine Arts and at the University of Tehrān. After the death of his father, Simin Dāneshvar began to write articles for "Radio Tehrān" and for the newspaper "Irān" with the artistic name "Shirāzi without name".
Of her, which is always remembered as a pioneer and an author of rare works in the Iranian letterura of short novels, the following remarkable works have been published:
"The fire extinguished", "A city like Paradise", "Savushun" - his most important work translated into more than 17 languages including Italian -, "Forty Parrots" (with Jalāl Al-Ahmad), "About I can say hello "," The loss of Jalāl "," The lost island "," The wandering caravan "," Ask the migrant birds "," The wandering mountain "," Persian carpet masterpieces "," Guide to the industries of Iran "," Zen Buddhism "," The foundations of aesthetics ". Translations: "Arms and Man" (by Bernard Shaw), "The Enemies" (by Anton Chekhov), "Piangi, beloved homeland" (by Alan Paton), "The Scarlet Letter" (by Nathaniel Hawthorne), " The cherry garden "(by Anton Chekhov)," Honeymoon, sunflowers "(by Alberto Moravia and Ryunosuke Akutagawa)," Human Comedy "(by William Saroyan).
Arms and the Man by George Bernard Shaw (1949)
Enemies by Anton Chekhov (1949)
Beatrice by Arthur Schnitzler (1953)
The Scarlet Letter by Nathaniel Hawthorne (1954)
The Human Comedy by William Saroyan (1954)
Cry, the Beloved Country by Alan Paton (1972)
The Cherry Orchard by Anton Chekhov (2003)
Works by Alberto Moravia and Ryūnosuke Akutagawa
The house of Simin Dāneshvar and Jalāl Al-Ahmad (her husband) has been used as a museum with the name "house of literature". Simin switched off the 8 March 2012 in Tehrān and was buried in the space dedicated to the artists in the Behesht-e Zahrā cemetery in Tehrān.