Seyed Morteza Āvini
Seyed Morteza Āvini, born the 23 September 1947 in the city of Rey, known as "Seyed Shahidān-e ahl qalam" (Master of the martyrs of the literati), was a documentary film director and a cultural journalist. The set of his television documentaries on Iran-Iraq war they are known as "Revāyat-e Fath" (Narration of Victory).
Āvini finished primary and secondary studies in the cities of Zanjān, Kermān and Tehrān; since he was a child he was passionate about art, he composed poems, wrote stories and articles and painted.
He received his doctorate in architecture from the Faculty of Fine Arts of theUniversity of Tehrān. Āvini began making films at the dawn of the victory of the Revolution with some series on the rebellion of Gonbad ("Six days in the Turkmensahrā"), on the flood of Khuzestan and on the tyranny of the Khān (documentary series entitled "Victims of the Khān").
During the Iraq war against Iran, Āvini, together with his assistants (the Revāyat-e Fath group) worked on some documentaries about the war story including: "Fath-e Khun" (Blood Victory ), "Haghighat" (The truth), "Shahri dar āseman" (A city in the sky ") and among all the most important, that is the series of documentaries" Revāyat-e Fath "which continued almost without interruption until the end of the war in the year 1367 (solar egira).
In this period his working group produced five series (almost seventy episodes); even after the end of the war he continued his work as a documentary maker of the sacred defense on the war fronts. Āvini on his written works states: "with the beginning of the revolution, all my writings - including philosophical contaminations, short stories, poems, etc ... I put them in cotton sacks, I burned them and I decided to not to write anything other than "story of the soul" and not to put "myself" at the center of the speech .... I tried to remove "myself" from the center so that everything was God ";
with this state of mind were published books of Āvini as "Fath-e Khun" (The Victory of the blood), "Āghāzi bar yek pāyān" (The beginning of an end ")," Ganjineye Āsemāni "(Celestial treasures) and "Āyne-ye Jādu" (The magic mirror). In his professional career we also find a selection of articles on the cinema entitled "Āyne-ye Jādu" (The magic mirror), a collection in the cultural and artistic field and an article entitled "sharh-e nur" on the commentary to the ghazals of Imām Khomeini.
He also knew the Western philosophical thought, opinions and theories of thinkers, alongside the publication of theoretical articles on the essence of the film and on the criticism of the Iranian and world cinema, conceived, did research and published numerous articles on the truth of ' art, on art and mysticism, on new art including the novel, painting, graphics, theater, religious and traditional art, the art of revolution, on the principles of politics, on the theory of the Islamic regime and of the velayat-e faqih, on the culture of revolution confronted with the one world and on the invasion of Western culture, excessive occidentalism and intellectualism, on modernism and conservatism and on other topics.
Āvini 9 April 1993 at Fakkeh while he was checking the location of a new episode of "Revāyat-e Fath" titled "Shahri dar Āsemān" (A City in Heaven), was hit by a mine explosion and died as a martyr .