Farabi (870-950)


Abu Naser Mohammad Ben Mohammad Farabi, born in the year 870 in Fārāb, in the Khorāsān region, is one of the most famous philosophers and Iranian writers highly versed in science, philosophy, logic, sociology, medicine, mathematics and music. Fārābi in the various branches of science had no equal, so much so that he wrote books on every science of his time and from his works it is clear that he was endowed with great competence in linguistics, in mathematics, alchemy, in astronomy, in administrative, musical, natural, theological and civil sciences, in Islamic jurisprudence, in logic and in the editing of encyclopedias.

Fārābi's fervent intelligence and ability to understand science made sure that all the subjects that were taught learned them best. Soon his name became famous as a philosopher and scholar; most of his works concern the philosophical field and the logic applied to the Platonic doctrine trying to reconcile the thoughts of Plato and Aristotle with the monotheistic theology. In the Islamic philosophical tradition, Fārābi was given the nickname of "Second Master" after Aristotle who was known as "Primo Maestro". Islamic historians are convinced that Fārābi was like a dervish, he loved to isolate himself and deepen his meditations. Fārābi has published many works including:
1. (What is worthy of being learned before philosophy)
2. (City policy)
3. (Harmony of the opinions of the two wise, the divine Plato and Aristotle)
4. Risalat fi'l-'Aql (Treatise on Nature and the Entity of the Intellect)
5. (Achieving happiness)
6. (Answers to philosophical questions)
7. (Treaty on the evidence of the existence of non-material creatures)
8. (Motivations of the Metaphysics of Aristotle, intentions of Aristotle in his Metaphysics)
9. (Political Treaty)
10. (Pearls of wisdom)
11. Kitab al-musiqa al-kabir (The great book of music)
12. Andishehāye ahl al-madina al-fazelā (Reflections on the people of the virtuous city where he theorized an ideal state as in the work of Plato "La Repubblica")
13. (On the need for alchemy)
14. Kitab al-Huruf (Letter Treatise)
In the Middle Ages some of his works were translated into Latin with the title Alpharabius, Alfarabi, El Farati, Avenassar.
The year of his death is the 950 and his mausoleum is in Damascus.



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