Avicenna (Ibn Sinā)
Ibn Sinā, Abu Ali Hossein Ben Adballāh Ben Sinā (known in the West as Avicenna) (980-1037), Iran's famous sage, philosopher, physician and scholar, was born in the city of Bukhara. At the age of ten he learned the Koran and many literary texts. At eighteen he was skilled in logic, natural sciences and mathematics. After which he became interested in the divine and read the Metaphysics of Aristotle. The philosophical system of Ibn Sinā, in general and in particular from the point of view of some of its principles, had the most profound and lasting influence on Islamic philosophical thought after him and also on the European philosophy of the full Middle Ages.
In the structure of peripatetic thought he brings innovations, clarifies the ambiguous points of Aristotle's thought, sometimes expands it and finally tries to create, with the help of elements of Platonic and Neoplatonic thought, a new philosophical system, but the events of life , especially the premature death, they left his efforts incomplete. The canon of Ibn Sinā over the course of several centuries, both in Islamic countries and in the Europe of the full Middle Ages, had a preponderance over all other medical books and exercised a considerable influence over them. The works of Abu Ali Sinā composed by 238 volumes, treatises, and letters in Arabic and Persian deal with the following topics: medicine, mysticism, Sufism, logic, philosophy, religious sciences, exegesis of the Koran, mathematics applied to music, language and linguistics , phonetics etc ... and almost all of them have come down to us, many of them have been published and some have been translated into various languages. Ibn Sinā died on the first Friday of Ramadan in June of the 1037 at the age of 58 years at Hamedan and in this very city he was buried. In Iran, the first day of the month of Shahrivar, coinciding with his birth, was named "doctor's day" in honor of his publications, his contributions to medical science, his work in this area and as a tribute to doctors .