Ali Shariati Mazināni (1933-1977)

Ali Shariati Mazināni

Ali ShariatiAli Shariati Mazināni, born the 23 November 1933 in the village of Kāhak, a suburb of Mazinān Sabzevār, known as Ali Shariati, Ali Shariati Mazināni, Dr. Shariati and master martyr, was an Iranian thinker, writer, translator, sociologist, historian, researcher of religions, fighter, religious activist and contemporary politician.

Ali after elementary school entered the college of teachers of Mashhad and at the same time he learned the sciences thanks to his father's lessons.

After completing his studies, Shariati began teaching in the college of teachers. For having participated in street demonstrations against the regime of the time, the struggles and the fact of being a member of religious and political movements, he was arrested twice.

After finishing the course of Persian literature at the University of Mashhad, he was sent to France to continue his studies and here he learned sciences such as sociology, the foundations of Islamic history and culture and he met authoritative professors such as Massignon, Gurvitch, Sartre etc. ..

After obtaining a doctorate in sociology and in the history of religions, he returned to Iran.
At that time he was particularly active in politics and society, published an article in France and was arrested and attacked by the French police during the struggle for freedom of Algeria.

He was admitted to the hospital and later sent to prison. He also came in contact with the great opponents of the oppressed countries; in the 1966 while returning to Iran, on the border between Turkey and Iran, he was arrested and sent to prison, after a few months he was released and returned to his place of birth.

After a period of unemployment, he was hired as the director of the fourth grade class in one of the villages of Mashhad. He later taught in high school and eventually entered the University of Mashhad as a history assistant.

In the 1967 he was invited to Hosseiniye Ershād in Tehrān, he became responsible for cultural affairs and taught sociology of religion, history of Shiism and Islamic culture. With the closure of this cultural and religious body by the Pahlavi government, Dr. Shariati was arrested and remained in jail 18 months.

Because of the pressure of the government at the time, Shariati together with his family the 15 May 1977 emigrated to Europe to start a new period of study and struggle.
Shariati, in addition to his great fame for having played a role in the Islamic revolution of Iran, also noted for his activities in bringing back to life the religion and tradition in society and for the opposition to the regime of the time.

After the victory of the Islamic revolution in Iran until today there have been demonstrations in his memory and numerous commemorations in his honor. Dr. Ali Shariati has left numerous works in books and in lectures and lectures (oral), articles in newspapers and magazines, both internal and foreign.

Some of these have been published thanks to the Dr. Shariati cultural foundation, the Hosseinieye Ershād Institute and other publishers, and we list some of them below:

"To the conscious interlocutors", "Revolutionary education of oneself", "Abu-Dahr,", "Return", "We and Iqbal", "An analysis of the rituals of the pilgrimage", "La Shiah", "Suppliche", "The Shi'ism of the Allies and the Shi'ism of the Safavids", "Orientation of the social classes in Islam", "History of civilization", "Hubut in the desert", "History and knowledge of religions", "Islamology", "Hossein, heir of Adam "," What is to be done? "," Woman "," Religion against religion "," World view and ideology "," Man "," Useless man "," Ali "(A)," Recognition of Iranian-Islamic identity "," An approach to the knowledge of Islam "," Meeting with Abraham "," Peculiarities of the new century "," Art "," Solitary dialogues "," Letters "," Various works "," Works of Youth "," History of Religions "," Fatemeh is Fatemeh "," Martyrdom ", Yes, it was so brother", Another time Abu Dhar "(introduction to the script of Abu Dhar)," The responsibility of being Shiite "," The philosophy of supplication "," One, followed by indefinite zeroes "," Botany "," Father, mother, we we are responsible "," The doctrine "," Unity and justice "," The pilgrimage "," Red sciism "," The face of the Prophet Mohammad "(S)," Oppressors, Heretics and Traitors "," Culture and ideology " , "On Spirituality", "Brief History of the Evolution of Philosophy", "Related Doctrine" (photocopy collection), "Khorasan", "Desert", "Man and Islam", "Uniqueness," Ethics " .

The speeches and oral lessons, books or copies that have remained are the following:
"History of religions", "Islamology", "A look at the history of tomorrow", "The new generation of Muslims", "An approach to the knowledge of Islam", "Ali, a reflection on the myths" (A), " The Islamic community and the role of Leadership "," Civilization and modernization "," Ali is only "," The impact of Ali's life beyond his death "," Ali, complete man "," History and its value in the Islam "," The intellectual and its responsibility in society "," Philosophy of history in Islam (in the religions of Abraham) "," The messianic expectation, the doctrine of protest "," Responsibility to be Shiite "," The year of the sacrifice in the path of doctrine "," What need is there of Ali? "," Ali, engaged in a united front "," Where to start? "," Martyrdom "," Hossein, Adam's heir " , "After martyrdom", "The role and memory of historical figures in the history of Shiism", "Our seco in search of Ali "(A)," The most admirable spirit of the worshiper "," Emigration and civilization "," Red sciences "," An introduction to the script of Abu Dhar "," Answer to the questions about the lessons ", "A complete party", "The followers of Ali and their sufferings", "The Sura Rum, message of hope for the responsible intellectual", "Islam in America", "Shia Encyclopedia, introduction to the conference of Mr.

Translations performed by Dr. Shariati:
"Criticizing literature", "Suppliche", "Abu Dhar Ghaffari", "Salmān the pure", "What is literature", "The cursed of the earth," Fifth year of the Algerian revolution and the parable of the life of Hallāj ".

Writings by Ali Shariati:
"The suffering of existing! (history of human creation) "," Used computer "," Goodbye city of martyrdom "," Idolatry "," Seyed Ahmad Khan "," A month following the Prophet "," The foundations of monotheism "," Research Treaty for the Ministry of Sciences "," Shia Revolution "," An article on the reasons for the discovery of America by the Muslims of Seville and perhaps the Muslims have discovered it before Christopher Columbus?

Scripts and translations scattered in the form of copies that have been gathered:
Translation of "What is poetry?" By Sartre (a part of "What is literature?") "Science and Neo-scholasticism", "How should the woman be today", "Alienation", "Foundations of responsibility in man ".

Shariati has also written introductions to some books and articles and letters to his children, his father and others have also remained. Numerous works of Dr. Shariati have been translated into various languages ​​and published including Italian.

An example is: "Arte waiting for the restorer" and "Botanica". Dr. Shariati switched off the 19 June 1977 in Southampton in England suspiciously; with a passionate heart, a pure thought, a steadfast faith, an incisive tongue, a skillful pen, a conscious mind and a calm face flew to heaven and to eternal peace.

His mausoleum is located next to Hazrat-e Zeinab (S) in Damascus, Syria.
 

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