Shahryar (1904-1988)

Shahryar

Seyed Mohammad Hossein Behjat Tabrizi (Shahryar), born 21 March 1904 near Tabriz, known by the nickname of Shahryar (Shahryār) (and before that, Behjat), was an Iranian poet composer of poems in Turkish Azeri and Farsi.

Shahryār, after finishing secondary school in Tabriz, moved to Tehran where he continued his studies at the Dārolfonun school and later at the University of the medical school. About six months before obtaining a doctorate, due to a disappointment in love, a pessimistic view of life and other events, he abandoned his studies.

The University of Tabriz considered Shahryar one of the leading exponents of the country's poetry and literature, and the Faculty of Literature and Human Sciences conferred on it the Doctorate of Merit. Shahryār composed more than 27 thousand verses in Persian and almost 3 thousand in Azerbaijani Turkish.

His most important work is the collection "Heydar Bābāie Salām"(Salām be Heydar Bābā) considered among the masterpieces of Turkish Azeri literature, a work that is among the modern poems and has been translated into more than 80 current languages.

Shahryar was also a master in the composition of the various genres of Persian poetry as the qasida, il masnavi, il ghazal, il QET ',il robā'i and the "poem nimāii" (in the style of Nimā Yushij). But more than in other genres it was famous for the ghazal and among the best known we can mention "Ali ey hamāye rahmat"(O Ali, bird of bliss) and"Āmadi jānam be ghorbānat"(You have come, my life is consecrated to you).

The fame of Shahryar has crossed the borders of Iran and today is a personality known in most countries of the world, so that in addition to Iran, in the Caucasian republics and Central Asia streets, showrooms, parks and other places publics bear his name.

Professor Shahryār's international study center is based in the city of Hashtarud and so far many national and international conferences have been held in his commemoration, and his work has been the subject of studies and analysis at universities inside and outside the country.

In the television series "Shahryār" aspects of the life of this poet have been transferred on the screen. He died in Tabriz the 18 September 1988 and was willingly buried in the mausoleum of the poets of this city.

In the official Iranian calendar, the date of his passing has been called "day of poetry and Persian literature".

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