Baba Taher Oryan
Baba Taher Hamedāni, known as "Bābā Tāher Oryān", gnostic, 11th century Iranian poet and author of a form of quatrains called do-beyti, was born ad Hamedan.
On its origin, on the year of birth and that of its disappearance, on the method of subsistence and on how it acquired the wisdom and the Gnostic doctrine, from the ancient sources no precise and clear information is obtained. What has come down to us from the ancients is the reference to his Gnostic life and to his dervish attitude as can be understood from his name.
"Baba"Was a name given in the past to the elderly and pious men,"Oryan"(Lett: naked, bare) instead he was called for his abandonment of the earthly goods.
Bābā Tāher spent an anonymous life in the ancient city of Hamedan. Nowadays it is known more than anything else for its poetic and exciting quatrains. These verses are mostly in the local dialect and similar to the words of the ethnic group lori.
Bābā Tāher is in love with God, nature and humanity. In his poems he often talks about the mountains, the deserts and the beautiful rivers of Iran, the ethics, the goodness and the adoration of God. Of him, besides the melodious quatrains, there are two verses, some Gazal in lori dialect, a collection named "Kalamāt-e qesār"In Arabic and a book called"Sarānjām " (suddenly).
The Bābā Tāher quatrains have been translated into some languages including Italian.
Bābā Tāher Oryān, at the age of 85 years, in the middle of the fifth century of the lunar Hegira, he died in the city of Hamedan. His mausoleum it is located north of the same city in the large square that bears his name. Also in the city of Khorram Ābād there is a building called the mausoleum of Bābā Tāher which according to some is the place of birth of the poet.