Amir Kabir (1807-1852)

Amir Kabir

Mirzā Mohammad Taghikhān Farāhāni, born in 1807 in Hazāveh, Arāk, known as Amir Kabir, was one of the prime ministers of Iran at the time of Nāser al-Din Shāh Qajar.

Amir Kabir, unrivaled star of the history of Iran, a reforming spirit with a deep passion for the independence, freedom and authority of the Iranian Muslim nation, a reformist so thirsty for renewal, a politician who loves independence and a ruler so well disposed towards the country, it is an unparalleled and rare figure, not only in the history of two thousand and a few hundred years of Iran, but also in the world.

Its internal reforms aimed at exalting the culture, economic adjustment and regeneration of the country's politics, its steps in the direction of the vivification of religion and the expansion of justice to the level of the whole society, its struggles to reduce the infiltration of foreigners and colonizers and the preservation of independence and all the lands of the country, the elimination of poverty which was carried out in the course of just over three years of his tenure as prime minister, all these actions are worthy of admiration. Amir Kabir undertook many initiatives in his short term as prime minister, including: founding Dār-ol-fonun, publishing new science texts, promoting new industries, sending Iranians abroad to studying and teaching in Iran, the promotion of translation and the publication of new scientific volumes, the creation of a journal and the publication of books, the fight against corruption (which like an epidemic had penetrated all aspects of the life of Iran), strengthening the economic capacity of the country, mining mining, the extension of agriculture and irrigation, the development of domestic and foreign trade, the reduction of foreign influence in the affairs of the country, the definition of a specific political line in foreign policy, the reform of financial affairs and budget adjustment, the strengthening of the security and stability of the country, the reorganization of the army, the creation of ne of arms manufacturing factories, the reform of the judiciary, the establishment of the courier, the hospital and so on.

Today in Iran there are numerous university places and institutions named after his name. The revolutionary and national measures of Amir Kabir, the hero of the struggle against colonialism, caused the corrupt courtiers to put him in a bad light until he obtained the order from Nāser al-Din Shāh of his deposition and killing. Amir Kabir was murdered in the public baths of End Kashan the 9 January 1852. His mausoleum is located in the city of Kerbalā, in Iraq.

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