Amir Kabir (1807-1852)

Amir Kabir

Mirzā Mohammad Taghikhān Farāhāni, born in 1807 to Hazāveh, Arāk, known as Amir Kabir, was one of the first ministers of Iran at the time of Nāser al-Din Shāh Qajar.

Amir Kabir, unrivaled star of the history of Iran, a reforming spirit with a deep passion for the independence, freedom and authority of the Iranian Muslim nation, a reformist so thirsty for renewal, a politician who loves independence and a ruler so well disposed towards the country, it is an unparalleled and rare figure, not only in the history of two thousand and a few hundred years of Iran, but also in the world.

His internal reforms aimed at enhancing the culture, economic adjustment and regeneration of the country's politics, his steps in the direction of the vivification of religion and the expansion of justice to the level of society as a whole, his struggles to reduce the 'infiltration of foreigners and settlers and the preservation of independence and all the land of the country, the elimination of poverty that was implemented in the course of just over three years of his office as prime minister, all these actions are worthy of admiration. Amir Kabir undertook many initiatives in the short term of his position as prime minister, including: the foundation of Dār-ol-fonun, the publication of new science texts, the promotion of new industries, the sending of Iranians abroad to study and teach in Iran, the promotion of translation and publication of new scientific volumes, the creation of a newspaper and the publication of books, the fight against corruption (which as an epidemic had penetrated all aspects of the life of the Iran), the strengthening of the country's economic capacity, mining, the extension of agriculture and irrigation, the development of domestic and foreign trade, the reduction of foreign influence in the affairs of the country, the definition of a specific political line in foreign policy, the reform of financial affairs and the adjustment of the budget, the strengthening of the security and stability of the country, the reorganization of the army, the creation of weapons factories, the reform of the judiciary, the establishment of the courier, the hospital and so on.

Today in Iran there are numerous university places and institutions named after his name. The revolutionary and national measures of Amir Kabir, the hero of the struggle against colonialism, caused the corrupt courtiers to put him in a bad light until he obtained the order from Nāser al-Din Shāh of his deposition and killing. Amir Kabir was murdered in the public baths of End Kashan the 9 January 1852. His mausoleum is located in the city of Kerbalā, in Iraq.

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