Iran is a country characterized not only by its millenary civilization than by its ancient culture and by its refined Persian music and instruments.
Traditional Persian music and its instruments, as a reflection of its heritage, have very deep roots in the country and show a particular disposition and taste for all the different periods of its history.
A classic image of Iranian figurative art is that of the musician man or woman, indifferently beautifully dressed in silk and brocade, crouching in a flower garden or on a splendid carpet, holding a musical instrument.
Representations of musical instruments are found in ancient archaeological evidence, a Susa, on the bronzes of the Lorestan, in Taq-e Bostan, as well as in the works of the great painters of the Qajar period.
Like poetry, Persian music is a distinctive trait of Persian culture, a symbol of a civilization that has extended over vast territories for centuries and whose influence has gone beyond the territorial boundaries of the empires that flourished under it. Through the history of the musical instruments it is possible to reconstruct the links and contacts that civilizations have established among themselves; the skill of craftsmen, of the great master luthiers, combines musical theories, philosophical thought, constructive techniques coming from different geographical and cultural spheres, modifying, refining and reworking influences that testify exchanges between cultures, mutual knowledge and individual evolutions.
Iran, located exactly at the geographical point of union between Europe, Africa and Asia, possessed a vast territory occupied by numerous ethnic groups and communities with their own cultural identity well defined and distinct from that represented by the strictly Persian culture there are in fact Kurds, Azerbaijanis, Jews, Arabs, Uzbeks, Turkmen, Baluchs, and on the coasts of the Persian Gulf some groups of African origin.
To be considered also the not negligible presence of community Christian, Jewish, zeroastriane, Nestorian, Manichaean and Buddhist, rooted in the territory for more than a millennium, which only increases the index of heterogeneity.
Traditional music in Iran