Iran is a country characterized not only by its geographical position but also by its ancient civilization and by its ancient culture.
The music, as a reflection of its heritage, has many deep roots in the country and highlights a particular disposition and taste for all the different periods of its history.
A classic image of Iranian figurative art is that of the man or woman musician, indifferently magnificently dressed in silk and brocades, crouched in a flower garden or on a splendid carpet, holding a musical instrument.
Representations of musical instruments are found in ancient archaeological evidence, a Susa, on the bronzes of the Lorestan, in Taq-e Bostan, as well as in the works of the great painters of the Qajar period.
Like poetry, music is a distinctive feature of Persian culture, a symbol of a civilization that has spread over vast territories for centuries and whose influence has gone beyond the territorial boundaries of the empires that flourished under it. Through the history of the musical instruments it is possible to reconstruct the ties and contacts that civilizations have established between them; the ability of the craftsmen, of the great master luthiers, combines musical theories, philosophical thought, constructive techniques coming from different geographical and cultural spheres, modifying, refining and reworking influences that testify exchanges between cultures, mutual knowledge and individual evolutions.
Iran, located exactly in the geographical point of union between Europe, Africa and Asia, possessed a vast territory occupied by numerous ethnic groups and communities endowed with their own well-defined cultural identity and distinct from that represented by the properly Persian culture, in fact, there are Kurds, Azeris, Jews, Arabs, Uzbeks, Turkmen, Baluchi, and on the coasts of the Persian Gulf some groups of African origin.
To be considered also the not negligible presence of community Christian, Jewish, zeroastriane, Nestorian, Manichean and Buddhist, rooted in the territory for more than a millennium, which goes on to increase the index of heterogeneity.
Traditional music in Iran