The Qom region is located near the central desert of Iran and south of the capital. The regional capital and its most important inhabited center is the holy city of Qom. The other major cities in the region are: Salafchegan and Qanavat.
Because of the proximity to the desert, due to the distance from the coastal areas and the latitude, and due to the considerable difference in height from sea level, this region has a dry climate with scarce and insufficient rainfall and, due to the lack of humidity, most of its territory is not cultivable. In fact, the Qom region is famous for being 'the salt lake district'.
History and Culture
The archaeological finds found in the region of Qom tell that this area had been inhabited at least since the fifth millennium BC C. - this age and the experiences of the past ages of this region are confirmed by a careful analysis of the objects found and based on historical documents, on the presence of places of leisure in the Sasanian period and on the existence of villages, rivers, bridges, mills and a famous temple of fire.
However, the current area of Qom was part of the second group of human settlements prior to the arrival of the Aryan populations in the Iranian plateau. According to some legendary tales, the foundation of the city of Qom is attributed to Khomani, daughter of the mythical king Bahman, and it is likely that the present name of Qom and its ancient form 'Kom' are derived from the same root. In other sources, news has been reported that the city of Qom was destroyed in an era before that of the Sasanians. Later, the Sasanian king Qobad found himself passing through that area and, seeing it in ruins, gave the order to rebuild it. For this reason, in the historical accounts of the Sasanian period the city of Qom is known as 'the ruins that Kavad (Qobad) prospered'.
In recent archaeological excavations of the hills of Qoli Darvish, near the Jamkaran Mosque, some remains of the Iron Age kilns were found, belonging to around 3000 years ago. In various historical documents, such as in the work 'Nozhat-ol-Qolub' by Hamdollah Mostoufi, the news is reported that, in the pre-Islamic era, the city of Qom was known for the quality of the saffron and the pistachios found there. In the year 23 of the Hegira the region of Qom was conquered by the armies of Muslim Arabs. Later, after the departure and burial of the Fatima Masume sister of the eighth Emam of the Shiites, in the year 201 of the lunar hegira in Qom, this city became one of the most important centers of Shiism. With the arrival of Ayatollah Abd-ol-Karim Haeri Yazdi and the renewal of the ancient splendor of the 'seat of religious sciences', the city of Qom - together with the city of Najaf - became known as one of the two foreground centers of the Shiism. In the 1342 of the solar egypt (1963), with the beginning of the Emam Khomeini movement, Qom became the active center of the Iranian people's revolution which in the 1357 (1979) was able to subvert the monarchical order in Iran. Even after the victory of the revolution, the importance of the city of Qom in the political and sociological sphere in Iran is clearly understandable.
Suovenir and craftsmanship
The main handicrafts and souvenirs typical of this region are: carpets, handcrafted glass objects, ornamental stone objects, decorative paintings on various supports, inlaid and enamelled objects, rosaries, prayer mats and Mohr. The local sweet of Sohan is also a characteristic and symbolic gift of the holy city of Qom.
In addition to all the dishes that are prepared and consumed in different areas of the country, among the traditional dishes of the Qom region can be mentioned the following: different types of soup (Ash-e Patle, Ash-e Avmaj, Ash-e Sangak, Ash-e Shole), various types of meat broth (Abgosht-e Yakhni, Abgosht-e Havij Barge, Abgosht-e Bozbash, Abgosht-e Mazgo) and Dam Pokhtak (steamed rice).