The Khorasan Razavi region is one of the most important in the country and is located in the north-east. The regional capital is Mashhad, the holy city in which the Shrine of Emam Reza, the eighth Emam of Shiite Muslims, is located. The other major settlements in the region are: Neyshabur, Sabzevar, Kashmar, Torbat-e Jan and Sarakhs.
The region of Khorasan Razavi has a notable climatic variety, but, all in all, it can be considered as a semi-arid zone. Despite this, precipitation in this region is sufficient to meet the water needs of homes, industries and agricultural fields.
History and Culture
The Khorasan Razavi region represents a small portion of the Great Khorasan of the past. Since this territory is located in the easternmost part of the Iranian plateau, the sun rises earlier than other areas and for this reason was called 'Khor Asan'; where the term 'Khor' meant 'sun' and 'Asan' was used in the sense of 'appearing', so the combination of these two words determine today's name of 'Khorasan'. The term 'Razavi' in the denomination of this region refers to the burial place of Emam Ali ebn-e Musa ar-Reza, located in the center of the city of Mashhad. Archaeologists believe that the history of the Khorasan region dates back to eight thousand years ago, that is to say, before the arrival of the Aryan peoples in the Iranian plateau. According to the opinion of these scholars, it seems that the first inhabitants of this region belonged to some Asian tribes, which, despite a tenacious resistance towards the parties that were a group of the Aryan peoples in the process of emigration, nothing could do before a similar unstoppable shock force, and finally they were defeated. In the VI century a. C. this territory was conquered by the Achaemenids and, later, by the Seleucids, a faction of the successors of Alexander the Macedonian. After the fall of the Seleucid dynasty in Iran and the victory of the Parthians, the Arsacid dynasty was founded. During the Parthian and Sasanid period, the Khorasan region was regarded as one of the four great Iranian regions of the era, namely: 'Apakhtar' (North), 'Khorasan' (East), 'Nimruz' (South) and 'Khavaran '(West). Over the course of history, the region of Khorasan has been simultaneously the chessboard of the ascent and fall of different powers, such as those of the Turks, Tazi, Tatari, Qajr, Qobchan, Mongols, Turkmen and Afghans.
Souvenirs and handicrafts
One of the most important handicrafts of the Khorasan Razavi region is its regional carpet. Other handicrafts in this region include kilim, Kalat silk, felt fabrics and hats, hand-embroidered leather jackets and straw baskets. Also different types of mohrs and rosaries, rings and jewels, tapestries and religious flags, stone statuettes, traditional leather shoes, turquoise jewelry, prayer mats, ceramic artifacts, artifacts with reeds, wooden artifacts, metal artifacts, Traditional hand-embroidered slippers, leather painting, different varieties of spices, barberry, saffron, comino and various types of dried fruit are part of the souvenirs of this region.
The typical dishes of the Khorasan Razavi region are: different types of local Eshkane (Bolghur Shir, Kashk-e Zard or Gholur-e Torsh, Kashk-e Sefid or Qorut), various types of rice, soups, meat broth, Fatir Maske, Digche and Changali.