Sistan and Baluchistan -26
Sistan and Baluchistan region      | ♦ Capital: Zahedan   | ♦ Surface: 178 431 km²  | ♦ Inhabitants: 2 349 049
History and CultureAttractionsSouvenirs and handicraftsWhere to eat and sleep

Geographic context

The Sistan and Balucestan region is located in the south-east of Iran. The capital of the region is the city of Zahedan and the other main population centers are Iran Shahr, Chabahar, Khash, Zabol, Sarvaran and Nik Shahr.


This region has a type of desert climate. The oscillations of humidity, the presence of seasonal winds - famous with the names of 'the wind of one hundred and twenty days' and 'the seventh wind' or 'Gav-Kesh', 'pulls cows' - added to the atmospheric precipitation and the temperature difference in the 24 hours - with the exception of the temperate zones on the shores of the Sea of ​​Oman - are the factors that all together have contributed to create particular climatic conditions, a characteristic fauna and flora and wonderful landscapes.

History and Culture

From the point of view of naturalistic peculiarities and history of human settlements, the region of Sistan and Balucestan is composed of two clearly distinct areas which, precisely, are: Sistan and Balucestan. Sistan In the distant past, the Sistan region along with those of Kabol, Rakhd and Kashmir were part of today's Pakistan and Afghanistan. As reported in the 'Vendidad', one of the five sections of the Avesta, the sacred book of Zoroaster, Sistan was the eleventh territory created by Ahura Mazda. In historical sources, Sistan is mentioned as a vast and prosperous country. The stories about the foundation of the cities of this region, as in most of the historical cities of Iran, have a background of truth and legend. The Sistan region is home to legendary legendary kings and heroes, such as Keyqobad, Keykavus and Rostam. The name of the region derives from that of the 'Saka' or 'Sciti', a population of Indo-European origin that around the year 128 a. C. conquered this area and occupied it. In the 23 year of the lunar ego, the Muslims arrived in this territory and, at the time of Moaviye, the inhabitants of the Sistan became entirely subjects of the Arabs. At that time Sistan was a prosperous and advanced region, so much so that it was home to great and glorious figures of scientists and scholars who increased the richness of the culture of this area of ​​eastern Islam. Balucestan In the cave inscriptions of Bisutun from the time of Darius, today's Balucestan region which was called 'Maka', or 'Mika' or 'Makya' or 'the country of Miki', represented the fourteenth satrapy, while the Greek historians it was known as 'Gedrosia'. Instead, in the Sassanid period the region took the name of 'Kussan' ('Kushana'). All these names circulated in the pre-Islamic period and in the era when the Arabs conquered this area, it was called 'Makran'. In most of the historical sources mentioned in Sistan, the Balucestan region is also mentioned. Even the history of Balucestan, like that of Sistan, has roots that intertwine with mythology. Ferdousi, the great epic poet of Tus, in his 'Shahname' ('the Book of Kings') in the ranks of the army of Keykhosrou mentions the Beluci of which courage and loyalty are praised; in another passage of his work, he has described in rhyme the alliance and the union of the Beluci with the peoples of the region of Gilan in war against King Anushirvan.

The other centers of historical interest and tourist resorts of this region are: the archaeological city of Zeranj, the historical hill of Kuh-e Khaje, the historical area of ​​Espid Dezh, the millennial Cemetery of Haftad Molla, the Castle of Balqeys, the Ban Masiti Cave, Tis Cave, the millennial Cypress of Mir Omar, the Zahedan Museum, the Uginag Waterfall, the Kandu Crocodile Wildlife Reserve and the Bazman Hot Water Fountain.

Souvenirs and handicrafts

The main handicrafts and souvenirs typical of this region are: rugs, rugs, kilims, embroidered fabrics, saddlebags made with pieces of rugs, soft wool fabrics, traditional fabrics embroidered with coins and buttons, raw silk fabrics, fabrics for nomad camps, Parivar-style embroidered fabrics, Siyah-style embroidered fabrics, earthenware and pottery objects, jewelery items and traditional beluci embroidered fabrics.

Local cuisine

The local cuisine of the Sistan and Balucestan region is colorful and has a culinary culture linked to the way of life of the nomads and villagers. These traditional dishes are also popular in the city areas, and among the best known we can mention the following: Tanuri, Kashk-e Zabol, Oujizak, different types of fish (fish Dugh, fish broth and seafood dish ), Patrunag, Bat, Eshkane Gashniz, dates-based dish, Namak South fish, Kalle Jush, Konak, Shoude-o Deh, Mazak, Ab Vad, other different dishes called Vadap, Machude, Tabahak, Mashak, Hatanag Baqla, Anardane, aubergine-based dish, Jelou Ay Abi (Sabzag) and Sutlash.

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