an overview of IRAN


The territory from the four seasons

an overview of IRAN

iran panoramica - the territory from the four seasons

an overview of IRAN
With the growth of population, especially in the last two decades, Iran has regained an honorable place in world technology with its progress by creating commercial and industrial free trade zones, developing infrastructure capacity.
One of the most important successes of Iran was the entry into the commercial system, which took place in the nineteenth century. An important contribution was made by promoting foreign investments, the transfer of technology, and the production of goods for

The geographical position:

Iran is a vast country of 1.648.000 Kmq positioned in Southwest Asia.
Bordering North with Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan and Armenia, to the East with Afghanistan and the Pakistan, to the west with the Turkey and l ' Iraq. The remaining borders to the south with the coast of

iran panoramica - the territory from the four seasons

The most important sites registered and recognized by UNESCO World Heritage

I most important sites registered and recognized by UNESCO World Heritage are:

Historic attractions
iran panoramica - the territory from the four seasons

iran panoramica - the territory from the four seasonsHistoric attractions

The Iranian Plateau is the 1 oldest center of the civilization of Asia and for this reason the archaeological discoveries that have been made so far have had a very important position. There is very clear evidence that the i1 territory of Iran has been inhabited for many millennia. The settlements were near the springs and rivers or generally near the Zagros mountains and the Alborz mountains.
The most important and ancient centers of civilization discovered are:

Kashan (Teppe or Sialk hill),

Damghan (Teppe Hissar),

Gorgan (Teppe Torang)

in Azerbaijan :(Stages or Hasanlu Hill)

Rudbar (Stages Marlik)

and other important archaeological hills are in Khuzestan.

iran panoramica - the territory from the four seasons

Cultural attractions

iran panoramica - the territory from the four seasonsCultural attractions

The cultural richness of Iran can be found in various artistic branches, including a variety of arte oriental, the literature pre-Islamic and Islamic, the mysticism that is recognized throughout the world. Myths, legends, philosophy, poetry, the music,, the folklore, crafts, architecture and the decorative arts in this country are worthy of being recognized, these treasures created by human thought have given character to the nation.
Have been recorded on UNESCO World Heritage list:

The festival of Nowruz (Iranian New Year)
• Several excerpts from music traditional Iranian, including traditional music of the Khorasan region
• The narration and reading of the Shahnameh (Book of the King) by Ferdosi 11th century,
• The arts and the construction of boats typical of the Iranian culture of the south and others


I Museums of Iran they are the treasures of the cultural, historical, natural, anthropological and art heritage of this land. In most of the great historic cities you can find museums, museum palaces and museum gardens with private collections that show a myriad of objects of antiquity, art that make us understand how remote civilization is in these territories.
The Tabriz Museum, by Ardebil, of Maragheh, of Urumieh, of Khoy, of Miandoab in Azerbaijan, the houses-Museum of Kashan, in Isfahan the Palace of the Chehel-Sotun , the Royal Palaces with the most beautiful Renaissance mosques, the Museum a Kermanshah, in Tehran il archaeological Museum and Islamic, the Golestan Palace, Jewelery Museum , Carpet Museum, The Reza Abbasi Museum, the Museum of Contemporary Art, the Vetri, Ceramics and Terracotta Museum, a Mashad the museum of Imam Reza, in Tus, in the region of Khorasan the Museum of Ferdosi, in Susa and Haft-teppe the Archaeological Museums, in Lorestan the fortress of Falak-ol-Aflak....

iran panoramica - the territory from the four seasons

iran panoramica - the territory from the four seasons

The religion

The religion

In ancient Iran the was born Zoroastrian religion, one of the greatest religions in the world. The current and official religion of Iran is Islam with the rite of Shiism that recognizes the 12 Imams. The 99.56% of the population is Muslim.
Religions like Zoroastrianism, the Christianity e Judaism they are recognized and its followers can live like Muslims with equal rights in politics, society and the economy.
In the tourism sector, anyone can go to Iran, no matter what religion they have.
Many local and foreign tourists are motivated to travel to Iran where they can find important religious sites:
the shrine of Imam Reza of Mashhad,
the shrine of Hazrat-and-Massume in Qom,
the shrine of Shah Ceragh (of the Holy Light) in Shiraz
the Tomb of Daniel in Susa.
(The latter and the theatrical performance of the religious carpet washing ceremony in the town of Mashhad Ardahal, near Kashan, are the spiritual places that have been recognized and registered on the list of UNESCO's World.)

Nature and Climate

The Nature and Climate of the territory of four seasons

Iran is a land of four seasons: Four Seasons, in the sense that, at any time of the old, it can travel and find at the same time the winter climate like the Shemshak ski slopes near Tehran and the warm sea of ​​the island of Kish or Gheshm in the Persian Gulf, thus being able to choose our favorite season at the same time.
In winter, there are cities that have the summer climate. This is due to the presence of the Iranian Prealps, one of the biggest reasons that gives the majority of the territory the climate with the four seasons.
In Iran, more than 8000 plant species have been identified, I 68 species of mammals, 520 species of birds, 17 4 species of fish, 433 species of butterflies and 25.000 species of insects. There are more than 500 pure water springs with unspoilt villages.
Beautiful waterfalls, rube rivers, peaks of beautiful mountains, deserts, salt lakes, natural parks with green tree forests and bushes with different fragrances, breathtaking landscapes, all this and more contribute to giving a unique effect to the magical nature of this country.
A precious contribution to natural attractions is given to us: from the chain of Albors mountains with the top of Mount Damavand (5610 mt.), from mount Sabalan in the Zagros mountain range, the Lut desert, the Golestan National Park and the Turan Park Biosphere. Where you can see a very rare species of wildlife, including cheetahs and Asian blond crows, now only present in these territories.

iran panoramica - the territory from the four seasons

The sport

The sport

In the history of the East, certainly Iran is the only country where, the main priority in the education system, was given to equestrian sports and archery as well as physical education.
Another sport practiced in the gym by the ancient Iranian name of Zurkahneh (Casa della Forza) has become a symbol of the athletes / partisans who fought against the Mongols in the 1300, a sport that is still practiced today: as heroes they were registered in the intangible heritage list of the UN ESCO.
Currently a variety of sports are practiced such as: Greco-Roman wrestling, football, volleyball, handball, tennis, etc.
In most cities there are several club fields with good sports facilities. You can find ski resorts with snow / water / grass and do adventure sports. These are some examples of attractions that tourists can find by coming to Iran.

iran panoramica - the territory from the four seasons

iran panoramica - the territory from the four seasons

Health Tourism

iran panoramica - the territory from the four seasons
Health Tourism

Today more than ever, man needs to enjoy free time to treat depression or physical fatigue and thermal waters are a good cure.
They can be found in different parts of Iran with various therapeutic qualities and healing properties. Where necessary, advanced technologies can be used under the supervision of physicians experienced in modern specialized centers.
Proper planning can give the necessary and useful information for tourists.

iran panoramica - the territory from the four seasons
I Souvenirs

I Souvenirs

iran panoramica - the territory from the four seasons

Iranian souvenirs in the provinces and cities are very diverse and tourists can find many according to their tastes crafts:

ad Isfahan : II Persian carpet hand-made woven with very fine knots and workmanship of embossed and filigree silver objects the miniatures on the camel bones with frames and boxes made with fine inlays,

a Shiraz woodworking, i Ghilim of Qashqai Nomads, copies of Bas-reliefs of Persepolis,

a Tabriz the carpets with intertwining floral designs will weave you with wool and silk, dried fruit, walnuts, desserts;

a Yazd gold filigree work with 20 Karati, sweets made with pistachios, walnuts and almonds

a Kerman i carpets and the pistachio exported all over the world to Mashad saffron and religious souvenirs

a Tehran you can find any kind of Souvenirs in the shops and in the big Bazaar

During the trip the tourist should not forget to buy a souvenir to take home to show it or give it to friends and family to witness and remember the beautiful things seen in the famous Persia.

iran panoramica - the territory from the four seasons

The kitchen

Persian cuisine

iran panoramica - the territory from the four seasons

The Iranian table is very varied, like the countries of the Middle East such as Turkey, Armenia, Georgia, Azerbaijan and Iraq.
In Iran, more types of food and sweets can be tasted than 400.
The combination of different food materials, including cereals, legumes, vegetables and plant and animal proteins, is used in all typical Iranian dishes. Persian cuisine is very varied and this is due to its rich culture and the various ethnic groups present on its vast territory. Naturally, factors such as the type of consumption, the cooking methods, the different raw materials used, vary according to the area and where the raw materials abound more than in others. Among the Iranian delicacies we can mention the Ab-Gusht (meat broth with chickpeas, potatoes, tomatoes and spices), the Ghormeh Sabzi (side dish of finely chopped vegetables, with beans, lemons and lamb), then you can taste a variety of skewers of mutton and chicken: Kebab.
The desserts are covered with nuts, pistachios, hazelnuts or almonds, some aromatic with rose extract, saffron, cinnamon, etc.
iran panoramica - the territory from the four seasons

iran panoramica - the territory from the four seasons
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