IRAN TABRIZ TOURISM
"The men of Tor (i) s live on the market and in the arts, that is, working silk and gold drapes. And it is in good place, that from India, from Baudac and from Mosul and from Cremo, there are merchants, and many other places. The Latin merchants are there for the strange merchants that win long and much earn you; here there are many precious priests. "Thus wrote Marco Polo of Tabriz, one of the most beautiful and suggestive cities of Iran that has beaten others of the Islamic world becoming the capital of tourism 2018, according to the cultural committee of the OCI, the Organization of Islamic nations.
The authorities of the eastern Azerbaijan region, of which Tabriz is the capital, have announced a table of events and celebrations to make the most of the title received from the Islamic nations. The first big meeting in Tabriz will be that of 24 March, when on the occasion of the world celebrations of Nowruz (the Persian New Year), there will be presidents of Iran and other countries of the region that celebrate the archaic festival of early spring. For the month of July there will be an international craft fair. The city of the rest is the most famous place (along with others) for the production of carpets of the highest quality. The municipality announced that it has started short courses for taxi drivers, shopkeepers and restaurateurs to prepare them to entertain relations with foreign visitors.
Markets, monuments and museums
The origins of the city date back to the Manners and the Medes (first millennium BC) but today's beauties of Tabriz (the name comes from Tauris or fortress) are mainly from the 13th century onwards, when it was the capital of the Ilkanids, then the Aq Quyunlu and finally the Safavids, up to the 1548.
The Kabud mosque (or blue mosque)
The Kabud mosque (or blue mosque)
It is the most famous; also called Jahan Shà. It is thus named for the turquoise color of the dome and the tiles engraved on the external façade. It is also called "Firuze Jahan" or "Firuze Eslam" and was built in the fifteenth century by Jahan Sha Qare Quyunlu at the behest of the daughter of this king who was called Salehè. The entrance door of the mosque is higher than the street level and has an elliptical arch above.
At the sides of the mosque there are two columns that rise in the form of a helix and in the upper part take the shape of a crescent. These columns are entirely covered with turquoise tiles embellished with surreal floral motifs. Entering the gate we arrive in the Shabestan, or prayer hall. The walls of the room are covered with colored tiles and so small and so well set that they all look like one piece. The designs on the walls are so fine that they give the visitor the sensation of looking at a painting.
The Jame (or Friday) mosque
Visitors must absolutely not lose it. It is one of the eternal monuments of the city whose construction date is not known with any certainty. It is certainly the oldest building in Tabriz, around which the bazaar and the whole historic center developed. The Shabestan or central hall is dominated by arches and domes supported by octagonal columns made of bricks and embellished with very fine gypsum works. In the Ilkanide period, that is the Mongol domination, it has been restored. During the period of the Aq Quyunlu a new dome was built in the northern part of the mosque but a subsequent earthquake destroyed this part of which only the columns remain today. A large part of the original mosque also collapsed and the Qajar dynasty rebuilt and strengthened the building; the current mosque still retains the Mihrab and the original columns while the other parts have been rebuilt after the earthquake.
The mosque or fortress of Alisha
The Alisha mosque
It is a unique work of the Ilkanidi period. It has the highest walls among all the ancient buildings of Iran and is the symbol of the city of Tabriz. Qazan Khan built it, but the earthquake also destroyed the dome of this building; next to it was also built a splendid room, inspired by a similar in St. Petersburg, to accommodate the symphony orchestra of the city, but this too was destroyed. Today, near the fortress Alisha stands the Mosallà, or the place of prayer for special occasions. Among the peculiarities of this building is that it has resisted better than any other to earthquakes, attacks, cannonades.
According to architecture experts, it is the most impressive example of the engineering technique and ancient architecture of the Tabriz school.
The Tabriz Bazaar
The Tabriz bazaar
It covers an area of one million square meters and is Iran's most extensive ancient building and the largest brick construction in the world. It is not known, even in this case, when it was built exactly; some scholars consider it a pre-Islamic building, that is, of the Sassanid era, while others date it back to the post-Islamic era and to the dominion of the Seljuk Turks. Several parts of the bazaar collapsed as a result of earthquakes, but due to its importance every time this building was rebuilt.
The last reconstruction of the bazaar dates back to three centuries ago, namely the end of the power of the Zand dynasty and the beginning of Qajaride power. The Bazaar is an unparalleled center of life and, in addition to its economic role, it also has a significant social, religious and political role. In the 1975 it was registered in the list of the National Cultural Heritage of Iran and in the 2010 it was the first bazaar in the world to enter the UNESCO list. In this Bazaar are the wonder of 160 elements characteristic of the ancient Persian Bazaar such as caravanserai, corridors, hujré (shops), mosques, madrasas, baths, traditional sport halls (zurkhané) and small towns sale of bazarches.
The Tabriz bazaar, like the other ancient markets of Iran, is divided into several minor bazaars, such as Amir bazaar, Kafashan bazaar (of the shoemakers), bazaar Talaforushan (jewelers), bazaar Kolahduzan (of hats), Mesgaran bazaar (of copper workers) and others.
The museum "Azerbaijan"
The trip to Tabriz alone is worth it. It is one of the most important of all Iran located next to the famous Kabud mosque. This center of 3 thousand square meters was inaugurated in 1962 and is divided into three sections, the prehistoric part, the pre-Islamic historical part and the post-Islamic gate. In other words, the Azerbaijan museum houses artifacts ranging from five thousand years BC to the present day.
"El Golì" or "Sha Golì"
One of Tabriz's most popular entertainment venues. El Golì is a sumptuous and lush garden, once on the outskirts of the city but with the enlargement of the urban fabric today it is located inside Tabriz. It is a garden with a pond in the middle of 5,5 acres that contains something like 2000 cubic meters of water. This lake was called Sha Golì (Great Lake) and after the Islamic revolution changed its name to "El Golì".
Before the Safavid dynasty, it was actually a large reservoir for irrigating agricultural land east of Tabriz. In the Safavid period, however, the lake was fenced with stone walls and in the Qajaride period, flowers and trees were planted around it and roads were built to facilitate the movement of people. In the middle of the lake there is the beautiful direction of El Golì. It was built during the period of the Aq Quyunlu dynasty and expanded during the Safavid period, especially by Prince Qahreman Mirza.
Museum of the Revolution
In the 1907, the Iranians rose up against the absolute monarchy and following a first revolution forced King Qajaride to accept the constitutional monarchy, that is the one with parliament. Among the cities that played a major role in this revolution there was Tabriz and "Khane Mashrutè" was a sort of headquarters for the revolutionaries of that period. For this reason this house, from 1996, has been transformed into the Museum of the Constitutional Revolution and is a place where many interesting documents are kept on this stage of contemporary Iranian history. This 1200 square meter building has been registered in the 1975 on the Iranian Cultural Heritage list. In it are even the clothes and personal belongings of the commanders of the revolution, their letters, their documents, the newspapers of the time.
Several travel agencies, both Italian and Iranian, offer tours that pass through the city from the 7 wonders.